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Wednesday, July 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Feeding behaviour in simulium venustum (Diptera: Simuliidae) found in the catalog.

Feeding behaviour in simulium venustum (Diptera: Simuliidae)

James Frederick Sutcliffe

Feeding behaviour in simulium venustum (Diptera: Simuliidae)

sensory aspects and mouthpart mechanics

by James Frederick Sutcliffe

  • 295 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by s.n.] in [Toronto .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Diptera,
  • Insects -- Feeding and feeds,
  • Simuliidae,
  • Simulium venustum

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby James F. Sutcliffe.
    ContributionsToronto, Ont. University.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, iii, 198 leaves, [39] leaves of plates :
    Number of Pages198
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18949235M

    All Symphoromyia attacked only the face, ears, or antlers of deer after relatively direct approach, and most species engorged within 1 to 3 minutes. There was a direct relationship between snipe flies feeding on the ears and face and the more rapid loss of the woolly underhairs at these ?a=hilg.v46n04p DNA barcoding has gained increased recognition as a molecular tool for species identification in various groups of organisms. In this preliminary study, we tested the efficacy of a ‐bp fragment of the cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) as a DNA barcode in the medically important family Simuliidae, or black flies. A total of 65 (25%) morphologically distinct species and sibling species in

    I would hesitate to name any one species as the “most common,” but Simulium venustum and Simulium vittatum are found almost everywhere in the state, in varying numbers. My wife calls a black fly a “MayFly.” I always thought a mayfly was a long flying insect with a waggly tail that comes out in   This is the first time that the modulation of feeding behaviour by the feeding status has been analysed in a hemimetabolous blood-sucking insect, fully excluding any effect of other processes, such as reproduction. Journal of Experimental Biology ; doi: /jeb Simulium ://

      The Digital Collection for more recent ENLS Completed theses can be found here. Factors affecting host relocation behaviour in a field population of the black fly Simulium venustum (sensu lato) (Diptera: Simuliidae). Conservation genetics and metapopulation structure of book trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in Nipigon Bay (Lake Experimental set-up to measure tsetse biting. The biting responses of individual G. pallidipes to rapid changes in temperature and/or RH were measured by moving a fly between two vertical airflows in a cage mounted on the side of an index card drawer used as a sliding mechanism (Figure 1).Cages were made of 2 Plexiglas® cylinders that fitted one inside the other with one end covered with grey


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Feeding behaviour in simulium venustum (Diptera: Simuliidae) by James Frederick Sutcliffe Download PDF EPUB FB2

In the experiments with Simulium venustum simulium venustum Subject Category: Organism Names see more details recorded in this paper, only flies that were collected directly from the host, in a feeding mode of behaviour, particularly at dusk during calm, humid weather, were used.

The time between capture and testing on an artificial membrane   The feeding behaviour of Simulium larvae, and the development, testing and monitoring of the use of larvicides, with special reference to the control of Simulium damnosum Theobald s.l.

(Diptera: Simuliidae): a review - Volume 75 Issue 4 - J. Walsh Mating, blood feeding, and oviposition of Simulium damnosum Theobald in the laboratory.

Raybould JN. A study of anthropophilic female simuliidae (Diptera) at Amani, Tanzania: the feeding behaviour of Simulium woodi and the transmission of onchocerciasis.

Ann Trop Med Parasitol. Mar; 61 Feeding behaviour in Simulium venustum (Diptera: Simuliidae). Sensory aspects and mouthparts mechanics. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Zoology, University of Toronto.

APM Reprint # iii) Technical and Research Papers: McLaughlin, L., Where black flies rest at night. Research Report 21 pp. APM Reprint # The embryogenesis of the larval head of Simulium venustum Say (Diptera: Nematocera) Also included is a discussion of the feeding behaviour of deuterophlebiid and blepharicerid larvae, and how The following is virtually the authors' abstract.

Studies in the region of Baie Comeau, Quebec, from toshowed that Simuliids were most active in the morning hours after dawn and in the evening 1/ hour before sunset.

Flight activity appeared to depend on light intensity, provided that the temperature was not below 45°F. [cf. R.A.E., B 42 ], the wind velocity not above 2 The frequency of feeding, longevity, and flight range of the flies as well as the size and rate of digestion of the meal likewise determine their importance as vectors of parasites.

Factors responsible for the attraction of flies to various animals are largely :// Feeding behaviour in Simulium venustum (Diptera: Simuliidae).

Sensory aspects and mouthparts mechanics. Sensory aspects and mouthparts mechanics. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Zoology, University of Toronto.

APM Reprint # Observations on the mating, feeding, ovarian development, and oviposition of adult black flies (Simuliidae, Diptera) For Simulium venustum, it was found that significantly fewer black flies   Feeding and nesting behaviour of birds may be disrupted. In extreme cases, black flies feeding can be fatal to birds.

(Bw31) Affected birds are restless and distracted due to harassment by large numbers of black flies on the skin (particularly the head and neck, and round the eyes) as well as under the wings.

(Bw31) Ma, W.-C. (a) Mouth parts and receptors involved in feeding behaviour and sugar perception in the African R. and Sutcliffe, J. () Bifurcate sensilla on the tarsi of female black flies, Simulium venustum (Diptera: Simuliidae): Contact Contact chemoreception of host plant specific chemicals in 1.

The compounds 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG), phytic acid (PA) and adenosine triphos- phate (ATP) were tested as gorging stimulants for Rhodnius three are potent phagostimu- lants, with ED 50 values less than 10 μM; in contrast, only ATP stimulates the black fly Simulium venustum, with an ED 50 of 13 μM.

:// The morphology of the mouth-parts and related structures and the feeding behaviour of filter-feeding species of Simuliids are described and discussed with particular reference to Cnephia dacatensis (D.

& S.), Simulium decorum Wlk., S. venustum Say and S. vittatum Zett., and comparison is drawn with a non-filtering (grazing) species. The larvae select their food on the basis of size. The Read "Age determination in the blackfly Simulium woodi, a vector of onchocerciasis in Tanzania, Medical and Veterinary Entomology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your ://   Black flies are also commonly called buffalo gnats and are a biting annoyance in many parts of Iowa.

Only female black flies bite. They take blood meals from many warm blooded vertebrate animals. Some species prefer to feed on humans, some on other mammals, and others prefer birds.

There are no known human diseases carried by black flies in the United :// Associated with the mouth parts of female Simulium venustum are 13 morphologic types of sensilla: four on the labium, seven on the labrum, one in the cibarium, and one on the genal process to   Simulium damnosum s.l., like other haematophagous Diptera, are attracted to CO 2 and host odours [38, 39].

CO 2 is a powerful mediator of host-seeking behaviour which can greatly enhance blackfly collections [23, 24], yet the biological mechanisms of blackfly attraction to olfactory and visual stimuli are poorly understood [38] Window Traps_GOLD   The oviposition behaviour of Simulium decorum Wlk., S.

vittatum Zett., S. verecundum Stone & Jamnback and S. vernum Macq. is described, with emphasis on the approach by the females to the egglaying sites, the substrates selected and the behaviour of the flies while laying.

The eggs and egg-masses of these four species and S. longistylatum Shewell are described; the eggs can be Introduction. Blackflies of the dipteran family Simuliidae include many species of economic importance as biting pests and vectors of pathogens affecting humans, livestock and poultry, in addition to their ecological importance (Crosskey, ).Immature stages of Simuliidae inhabit flowing waterways (lotic habitats), the larvae filter‐feeding and often forming a large proportion of the   Many hematophagous arthropods are stimulated by blood constituents to initiate feeding.

We used a membrane-based feeding system to identify chemicals that stimulate acceptance and engorgement responses in various life stages of bed bugs.

Water was fortified with a variety of compounds (e.g. salts, amino acids, vitamins, nucleotides, cholesterol and fatty acids) in these.

Hunter FF, Sutcliffe JF, Downe AE. Blood-feeding host preferences of the isomorphic species Simulium venustum and S. truncatum. Med Vet Entomol. Apr; 7 (2)– Janz N, Nylin S. The role of female search behaviour in determining host plant range in plant feeding insects: a test of the information processing ://Read "Dipteran predators of Simuliid blackflies: a worldwide review, Medical and Veterinary Entomology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your ://The feeding behaviour of Simulium larvae, and the development, testing and monitoring of the use of larvicides, with special reference to the control of Simulium damnosum Theobald s.

1. (Diptera: Simuliidae): a review. Bulletin of Entomological Research – Google Scholar